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After one 36-year-old woman was charged nearly $18,000 for a breast cancer check-up, concerns have been raised over how much it should really cost. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States - with 285,000 cases and 42,000 deaths a year - but if it is caught in the early stages almost every patient survives. Doctors urge all women aged 50 to 74 years old to get screened for the disease once every other year, with those at a higher risk are advised to start getting the tests in their 40s. Experts say the screening test - a mammogram - is generally free for all women who are more than 40 years old and have health insurance. But those who have symptoms or no coverage may need to fork out $200 to $400. If no cancer is detected then no further action is needed. But women that have a warning sign spotted normally need to get their results confirmed with a biopsy, which has a cash price of between $1,000 and $2,000.

Are Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson and Arnie Schwarzenegger Hollywood hunks or flabbily hulks? The latter, according to the BMI formula that some experts say should be ditched. BMI, which the NHs uses to warn people they are too fat is determined by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by their height in metres squared and has been the go-to obesity calculator for years. Having a BMI over 30 is considered obese, while over 25 means you're overweight. But it has a major flaw, being incapable of differentiating between fat and muscle weight means people like Mr Johnson are deemed as 'obese' as a couch potato with the same height and weight. And the 'Black Adam' superstar is not the only muscular celebrity to fall afoul of the BMI formula. 'Fast and Furious' lead Vin Diesel is considered too flabby and comes in as obese with a BMI of 30. Meanwhile, 'The Terminator' and former governor of California, Arnold Schwarzengger, risks becoming morbidly obese with a whopping BMI of 33. In a paper presented today, experts claimed BMI is flawed and should be ditched in favour of a lesser-known measurement called the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR).

An Oxford University study found 15 per cent of people aged 40 to 75 had high blood pressure in the evening that would be missed by current screening methods.

The scientists also said that wearing lenses while in the shower, swimming pool or sleeping also raised the risk of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). This infection can cause blindness.

Newcastle University scientists say the findings, presented at a medical conference in Sweden, support the idea that everyone has a 'personal fat threshold'.

An early trial at the Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) in London revealed that a modified version of the herpes simplex virus showed signs of effectiveness.

Lindsey Gritton, from Gainesville, Georgia, was in week 34 of her pregnancy when a burning sensation erupted over her right armpit and breast. She also found a 'marble-sized' lump in the breast. Doctors told her it was a clogged milk duct - like in her first pregnancy - and that they'd seen it a 'thousand' times, but she still demanded a scan. When the results came back, medics backtracked saying there was now a 'high likelihood' that she had cancer. She had labor induced a week later, and then went through more tests - which couldn't be done during pregnancy due to the radiation - which revealed it was stage four breast cancer and had spread to her liver. The mother-of-two has now been on chemotherapy for four months, visiting hospital every three weeks for treatment. About 80 percent of the cancer is now gone.

In July 2020, Myke Jay recalls tipping the scales at 124kg but stopped weighing himself because he 'hated how he looked'. In 10 months he managed to lose 34kg without going to the gym.

Farren Bay, now 33, had been struggling with periods that were so painful it felt like 'my insides were being ripped apart' for years. She was eventually diagnosed with endometriosis.

Russian Government-affiliated experts only acknowledged Khosta-2's existence last May. Yet the never-before-seen pathogen was detected in bat samples collected between March and October 2020.

Scientists have discovered a molecule called TTK21 that can repair damage in the spine after a severe injury. Axons in the spine have no ability to recover on their own.

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine, in New York, deprived 14 adults of their normal eight hours of sleep every night for six weeks and found each had more inflammation.

Researchers at the University of Florida said their find could help companies reduce sugar content in food or drink without losing any of the sweet taste.

Bottles of $42 Antica Farmacista hand sanitizer have been recalled for containing the carcinogen benzene. The luxury brand says the bottles affected feature Alaska Airlines branding.

Ariah Dhaliwal, 5, from Illinois, had been suffering from eczema since she was just six months old. It had extended across her face and neck, elbows, ankles and even eyelids - leaving her struggling to sleep and itching so much at night that her skin bled. Her mother Sonia gave Ariah a number of different treatments including steroids on prescription, but these all failed. When she was four years old the family went to see Dr Amy Paller, a dermatologist at Northwestern University, where they were told about the clinical trial. Ariah was signed up and saw her eczema clear just ten days after getting her first dose. Mother Sonia said it was like she had a 'different child'. She told DailyMail.com: 'She could eat, I could sleep. It was shocking.'

Swimming in sub-zero temperatures has become increasingly popular in recent years thanks to the rise of wellness gurus like Wim 'The Iceman' Hof. The review was done by researchers in Norway.

Scientists at the University of Minnesota re-analyzed data on the diets of 3,300 people who had been monitored for 25 years. Participants were interviewed four times over the period about their diets, and had a health check-up at year 20 and 25. Those who ate walnuts had about 0.6 ounces a day (19 grams) - which is equivalent to seven walnut kernels. Results showed they had significantly lower diastolic blood pressure - the pressure on arteries in-between beats - and also tended to exercise more often and have a lower body mass index (BMI) than those who did not eat the nuts. They said more research was needed, however, to back up the results.

A parent can make watching TV a beneficial experience for their child by being present to talk to them and answer questions they may have about what they are watching.

Researchers in New York and North Carolina found that sperm in groups were more likely to swim in a straight line, and less likely to be swept away by high speed currents.

Elderly people who go to bed early and sleep longer are more likely to develop dementia, a new study finds. Those who go to bed before 9 p.m. each night and sleep for over eight hours suffer a risk.

A 20-year-old student was left with a massively distorted face after an allergic reaction caused her cheeks and jaw to swell up. (right) Isis de Oliveira Almeida Pinheiro, from Palmas, northern Brazil, was left with the terrifying reaction after hyaluronidase - generally used to dissolve old fillers - was injected into her lip earlier this month. The psychology student posted footage of the horrifying mishap to her TikTok in a clip that has racked up 1.5million views.

Researchers from New Mexico Highlands University say that men with big penises and trimmed pubic hair are seen as more attractive, extroverted, and open to new experiences.

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People who exercise more intensively may not always score better on memory tests despite existing medical literature, a new study finds, with moderate exercise being valuable at times.

The pre-diabetes drug semaglutide, sold under the brand name Ozempic, has become a hot commodity among celebs, creating a shortage for regular people who need it.

Fauci warns Biden that 'we are not where we need to be' after he declared 'the pandemic is over'

Dr. Anthony Fauci, 81, said on Monday the pandemic isn't over and that 'we are not where we need to be if we're going to be able to quote "live with the virus."' His declaration comes just a day after President Joe Biden, 79, declared 'the pandemic is over' on Sunday. Fauci cited the constant threat of variants and only having 67 percent of the US population vaccinated as a reason the US is not out of the woods yet. '[There is a] lack of a uniform acceptance of the interventions that are available to us in this country where even now,' he said on Monday. He also claimed that the 400 deaths a day is 'unacceptably high.' Despite the president's comments on the current status of the pandemic, White House officials said there are 'no plans to lift the Public Health Emergency.'

Sadie Tessmer, 14, from Buffalo in Missouri, sees her skin break out in painful red hives every time she showers. She has quit soccer too, because the sweat causes her the reaction.

University of Sheffield researchers found Tofersen, made by Biogen, slowed the progress of motor neurone disease in some patients who previously had no other treatment options.

Scientists leading the paper said their discovery could open the door to new treatments for combatting Alzheimer's disease. It is one of the first to look at microproteins.

A leading panel of doctors recommends that all American adults under the age of 65 are regularly screened for anxiety, the most common mental health disorder in the country.

Meghan Bradshaw, now 29 and from Charlotte in North Carolina, was initially diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis - where the immune system attacks the joints - shortly after graduating college in 2015. But in the months following her symptoms became worse leaving her needing a wheelchair and struggling with day-to-day tasks like brushing her teeth, and she had to go for replacements of both knees, hips and ankles. The then-student only had Lyme disease diagnosed in 2019 after doctors at the Cleveland clinic ran tests for 'live' illnesses including the tick-borne disease. Symptoms she faced included her hands permanently folding into a fist (bottom right) and needing at least eight joint replacements before her 30th birthday (top right, one of her ankle replacements with scars visible from other surgeries). Doctors described her case as one of the worst they had ever seen. Ms Bradshaw says she is now the 'bionic woman' with her bottom half having been almost completely reconstructed.

The University of Birmingham team said their findings were 'important', and could help spot patients in the 'earliest stages' of dementia.

So called 'forever chemicals', industrial substances linked to a plethora of health problems are rife in school uniforms, scientists from the US and Canada have warned.

More than four in every five pregnancy-related deaths in the United States could be prevented with proper medical care, the CDC reveals. Mental health related deaths, which included deaths by suicide and from drug overdoses, are the leading cause. Blood hemorrhages, heart and coronary issues and high blood pressure are among the leading causes of death as well. Maternal mortality is a uniquely American issue among developed nation, with the country suffering twice the rate of its nearest peer nation.

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority discovered residue of opium in eight vessels that are shaped like upside-down poppy flowers - the plant from which it is derived.

Professor Neil Walsh, of Liverpool John Moores University, said his team's findings - published in the journal Sleep - 'change the way we should think about sleep and health'.

Are multi-vitamins they key to helping us living longer and healthy lives or just an expensive placebo that only makes you feel healthier for £60-a-pop. MailOnline delves into the scientific controversy after two conflicting papers were published just 24 hours apart. On one hand, researchers at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine insisted the benefits of multi-vitamins on halting cognitive decline were clear. Although 'too early' to recommend supplements as a way of protecting our brain against the natural deterioration which comes with ageing, the three-year study, published in the journal Alzheimer's and Dementia, bragged it was the 'first evidence' of any cognitive benefit among older adults. But a day later, researchers at the Brigham and Women's Hospital - affiliated to the prestigious Harvard University - warned vitamin D and omega-3 supplements won't save older adults from becoming frail.

A team at Peptilogics have developed a drug that can combat antibiotic resistant bacteria, potentially solving a medical crisis expected to kill around 50 million people in the coming decades.

Military suicide rates are alarmingly high and rising, often attributed to the trauma and stress of serving in post-9/11 wars, head injuries, and the difficulty of returning to civilian life.

A top Chinese health official has warned the nation's citizens to avoid touching foreigners after the country recorded its first monkeypox case in a 29-year-old man who sex with men in Germany.

Officials in the African nation are now scrambling to contain the outbreak before it has chance to spread further. The victim lived in the central district of Mubende.

Magnus Lygdbäck, 43, a Swedish celebrity personal trainer and nutritionist has revealed how to enjoy your favorite alcoholic drinks without adding any pounds. The trainer is known for his rock-solid abs and has worked with stars like Alexander Skarsgård, Gal Gadot and Ben Affleck. His five favorite low-calorie drinks included an Aperol Spritz, vodka soda, whiskey sour, white wine and watermelon spritzer and a yuzu fizz.

The 61-year-old from Mannar, Sri Lanka, was left with crippling stomach pain and started vomiting and having constipation for three days after eating the fish. The bone caused an infection in his bowel.

The United States Federal Drug Administration has stepped in to warn reckless teens about the latest social media trend - cooking chicken in NyQuil.

Almost half of all adults in England took at least one prescribed medicine in the past week - and for many, taking it is not simple. We ask a clinical pharmacist to assess a selection. We then rated them.

Joey Lykins, 35, who lives in Cincinnati, Ohio, was rushed to the ER late last month with a severe cough and feeling that 'something was blocking my airways' that doctors feared could be warning signs of pneumonia. But instead of revealing the disease, X-rays showed he had a 0.6-inch retainer - which the groundskeeper had worn in his septum - lodged in the upper lobe of his left lung. Doctors performed a bronchoscopy to remove the metal - where a tube is slowly put through his throat to the lung to grab and remove the foreign object. There are several anecdotal reports online of people swallowing or inhaling nose piercings.

A shocking new report projects that up to 70% of U.S. hospitals will  lose money in 2022, as costs of labor have rocketed and many face shortages and can not longer offer as many services.

The average diet quality across the world has not changed much over the past 30 years, and Americans are among those eating the worst quality foods in the world, a study finds.

Researchers from Stockholm University found that wolves show more affection towards familiar people than strangers, suggesting that dogs' attachment to us pre-dates domestication.

Today's fitness trackers are set to a default goal of 10,000 steps and will buzz, ping or send you a congratulatory notification when you hit that target. Private health insurers have even began offering gift vouchers to customers who accomplish it. But where did the magical number even come from? You would be forgiven for assuming it was borne out of decades of painstaking research into the precise number of steps needed to keep our body in tip-top condition. It was, however, a clever marketing ploy by a Japanese company trying to sell pedometers in the wake of the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games. At that time, there was an increased focus on fitness in the host nation and firms had tried to capitalise on the craze surrounding the Games. One campaign involved the marketing of Yamasa's pedometer called the Manpo-kei, which literally means '10,000 steps metre' in Japanese.

The bizarre study, performed in Japan, saw five women climax in a laboratory, either through sex with their partner or masturbation. All of the volunteers were in their 30s, 40s or 50s.

An influential transgender health group with almost 100 British members, some working in the NHS, says being a eunuch is a valid 'gender identity' which should get 'gender affirmative' care.

Researchers from Aalto University in Finland have found that simple changes to the current composition of animal feeds could provide calories for up to 13 per cent more people.

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles warned unborn babies were particularly at risk because their organs were still developing, leaving them more at risk of damage.

Scientists at Flinders University, Australia, are warning that watching YouTube in the hour before going to the bedroom and while in bed can harm how long a person sleeps. They followed 700 teenagers aged 12 to 18 years old that attended eight schools in Adelaide, Australia. Results showed that for every 30 minutes of YouTube watched in the hour before bed, the time of going to bed was delayed by 11 minutes. But once in bed, watching another 30 minutes delayed the time of trying to get to sleep by 13 minutes. For comparison, those who watched TV in the hour before bed actually got under the covers about nine minutes earlier on average. Results were not given for its effect when teenagers were watching it while in bed, likely because few carried out this activity. Experts warned YouTube posed a risk to sleep because of its short-form videos, autoplay and recommended clips features which led to users 'losing control' and becoming glued to their screens long into the night. Teenagers need to get eight to ten hours of sleep a night, but estimates suggest seven in ten young Americans are failing to meet this level.

Writing in a medical journal, doctors in Indonesia revealed the man had to have a ring cut from his penis using an electric grinder, heat and saline injections.

De Montfort University researchers analysed how many snacks women ate after listening to certain types of music, in an attempt to see how food and music can help to combat negative emotions.

Brain injury caused by repeated head trauma could be undone. Retired fighters had more brain mass and scored better on cognitive tests years after leaving the sports, researchers found.

People who regularly vape may be at risk of developing obstructions to their lungs' airways and asthma like symptoms, a study of four frequent users of the devices found.

Dr Jonathan Levy (right), an environmental health professor at Boston University, warns against have a gas stove (left) in the home. He points out research that shows having one can increase the risk of developing condition like asthma because of the potentially dangerous levels of nitrogen dioxide being emitted by it. Even when turned off, the stove can be emitting methane and the cancer-causing chemical benzene. He urges the 40 million American households that still have gas stoves to switch to electric.

Scientists at Northwestern University in Illinois , found the monoclonal antibody Dupilumab - sold under the brand name Dupixent - cut eczema symptoms by at least 75 percent in half of children.

A Turkish research team found that blue light increased the levels of reproductive hormones in rats that were regularly exposed to it, causing them to go through puberty earlier.

An E. coli outbreak that has caused six hospitalizations linked to HelloFresh ground beef products, the CDC reported this week.

The FDA issued the warning for the about $3 drink in seven states: Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Oklahoma and Texas. About 2,600 cans are being recalled.

Doctors were stumped when 33-year-old travel manager Desiree Chan was admitted to their emergency unit. The Los Angeles resident had started suffering back pain just before New Year's which had then developed into a phlegmy cough and night sweats. Tests for tuberculosis, pneumonia, HIV and other diseases had come back negative. But during her ten-day stay an antibody test eventually revealed that she had Valley fever - medically named Coccidioides. The disease (inset top) is advancing in the United States with 20,000 cases now diagnosed annually, double the number just five years ago. People catch it by breathing in spores released by disturbed soil, with those working rural jobs most at risk. It is currently in southwestern America and Washington, but its range is expanding thanks to climate change.

During a guest appearance on The View this Wednesday, Georgia Democratic gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams said that she supports abortion 'until the time of birth' in some cases.

Around 70 percent of Americans over the age of 50 are suffering from joint pain, a new survey finds. People over the age of 65 and women were found to suffer the highest risk.

Unveiling its results of a two-year investigation into the origins of the pandemic, the magazine's team tasked with uncovering the truth stated it was 'plausible' the virus emerged in America.

The NHS currently says carbohydrates should make up just over a third of our diet, but an expert has suggested this should be changed to around 10%.

Personal trainer, Adriana Blanc, has shared four images of herself taken just hours apart where her body looks completely different. The body positivity advocate shared the images with her 100,000 followers to demonstrate how to become more comfortable with how your body can look under different conditions. The 24-year old said coming to terms with how your body looks under different lighting, angles, poses can improve your body image more than seeing 'real' pictures of fit influencers online.

A British expert has hailed the 'incredible' results of new American diabetes injection which can control blood sugar levels and help people lose 5 per cent of their body weight 12-weeks faster.

Waking up early and getting consistent exercise throughout the day can help limit depressive symptoms and cognitive decline, a new study finds.

The anesthetic drug ketamine has shown promise in treating depressive symptoms in a recent trial. It resolved depression all together in around 40 percent of those who took part.

Veterinarians confirmed the rabbits' diagnosis with rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus type-2 in feral herds, which can prove fatal to 70 percent of those it infects.

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